IET 161.001
Architectural Computer Aided Design 
(Using AutoCAD 2011)
Fall Quarter 2010

Class Website

Posted December 11, 2010

Your final grades have been posted at the link below.  The grade sheets and drawings that you handed in will be in the box in the lab up to the second week of winter quarter.  Email or call me about your grades or drawings if have any questions.

Overall this has been a very fun and productive class and you all should be proud of the skills that you have acquired and demonstrated to me with your Final Projects.  This has been one of my best classes!  Good luck in your future endeavors and I hope you find opportunities to use CAD in your forthcoming careers.

Following the link index below are all of the cover pages of the projects from this class plus some sheets that I feel displayed the extra effort. 

    Click on the following links
 
Class  Assignments 
Information Instructions in txt format 
or images in jpg format.
Syllabus
in Adobe pdf format
Class Schedule
in MS Excel format
CAD Lab Schedule
in MS Excel format
Grade Sheet
in MS Excel format
Student Resources
in HTML format with images
Collection of outstanding designs

The Final Projects


 

 
 
Week 1:

Read before next Tuesday's class the Introduction and Lessons 1 and 2 of the text book, Residential Design Using AutoCAD 2011


What is due:  Come to class on Tuesday of next week with a penciled sketch of a  floor plan so that you can get started on your Final Project.  Include rough dimensions.  We will work on this floor plan in CAD over the next week or so.


 
 
Week 2:
 
What is due:  Sketched floor plan, drafted floor plan, example 2-2 on page 2-20 and your drawing template.

In class we will begin using AutoCAD, create an architectural template file and start our floor plans. 

For Tuesday we will jump into AutoCAD and become familiar with the basics.  We will also create our template file complete with a title block. 

Begin to draft your floor plan and complete exercise 2-2 before class on Thursday.  On Thursday we will continue and finish Lesson 2 as a class exercise and modify our template file to include a Title Block.  We will then take our updated template file with the title block and incorporate it with our preliminary floor plan and exercise 2-2.  For the Floor Plan draw lines representing the exterior and interior walls.  You do not have to dimension or scale the drawing. 

Over the weekend, start drafting the details in Lesson 3 which will be due next Friday.
 

Steps on Creating Your Title Block:

  • Create 3 new layers, "Title Block Border" make this yellow, Title Block WHT, make this white and Title Block GRN and make this green.
  • On the Title Block Border layer, in Paper Space (Layout) create a rectangle at the start point of 5/64 tab 5/64 and make it 10.5 tab 8.
    • This creates a yellow rectangle 10.5 inches long by 8 inches high offset 5/64ths of an inch from the origin or the lower right hand corner of the paper margin, see below.


 

  • On the Title Block GRN layer, off to the side of the paper on your Layout draw another rectangle for your Title Block 8 inches long by 1.5 inches high.
  • Also on the Title Block GRN layer draw vertical lines at the distances shown below.
  • On the Title Block WHT layer create text (Choose the Multiline Text in the Annotation Panel of the Ribbon) with the information shown below (use your name).  The text should be justified to Top Center, 3/16" high and change to "No" from "Yes" in the row labeled Match orientation to layout
  • Repeat the step above using the information shown below.  The text height will be 3/32".
  • Take your Title Block and rotate it 90 degrees as shown.
  • Move your Title Block into the corner defined by your border.
  • Save your template file perhaps as Template2.dwg 
 
 
Week 3:
 
What is due: Hand in the Architectural Objects (Plan Details) from Lesson 3.

This assignment will be sent to me via email by Friday at 5pm.

A printed version of a plan detail, of your choosing, will be handed in, with the current Title Block, via the "box". 

For Thursday continue drafting the Architectural Objects (Plan Details) in Lesson 3 using the following guidelines. 

Draft all of the objects in Lesson 3 into one AutoCAD file.  Do all of them excluding the window elevations (we will do those later) and the handicap symbol.  The intent here is to create a large file of architectural objects or details that can be copied into our floor plans.  We will create AutoCAD blocks of these objects and ultimately dynamic blocks.

Design a plan detail of your choosing with at least 15 drawing entities.  You will get extra credit for more detail.  This design may include any thing that could be used in a floor plan.  Your work has to be unique!

Procedure for drafting Architectural Objects:

  • Open your template file and resave it in the Week 3 folder in your storage medium named something similar to "Architectural-Objects.dwg"
  • Draft everything in Model Space
  • Draft the objects on the "0" layer (more about the special properties of the "0" layer in class)
  • Draft the "Bookcase" starting at the origin (0,0) as the textbook suggests
  • Draft the other objects close to the "Bookcase" but at no particular distance from each other (don't crowd your objects though)
  • Create a layer named "0-no-print", color it dark gray #8, designate it not to print.
    • Include annotation describing each object within, underneath or close by that object on the "0-no-print" layer.  See the image below.
  • Dimension your objects and "Fit" the dimensions to a scale factor of 24.
    • The dimensions will have to be deleted or told not to print before inserting them into you floor plans.  More on this later.

 
 
Week 4:
 
What is due: Lesson 4 Floor Plan, updated Floor Plan for your Final Project, updated Architectural Objects with Blocks.

Follow the instructions below when going through Lesson 4.  Hand in, by Friday's deadline, your Lesson 4 Floor Plans for the basement, first and second floors with dimensions (doors and windows are not required) with your updated Template file and Title Block on Architectural B paper in the box. 

Also hand in a preliminary Final Project floor plan emulating the procedures in Lesson 4 with your updated Template file and Title Block on Architectural B paper in the box.

Update your Architectural Objects and send those via email like last week.  Draft the doors and make blocks out of all of the objects.

Start Lesson 4 in the text book with the following exceptions and modifications to what is discussed in the book.

  • Create one drawing with all three floor plans, not the three different drawings as suggested in the book.  Just like with our Architectural Objects from Week 3 we will create various blocks in one drawing.
  • Ignore the discussion on setting the drawing limits.
  • Create three new layers in lieu of the one layer as suggested by the book.
    • A-Wall-B, color white
    • A-Wall-1, color yellow (for now) change it back to white before printing
    • A-Wall-2, color green (for now) change it back to white before printing
  • Draft the basement floor first in the location discussed in the book using the "A-Wall-B" layer.
    • Dimension as you go.
  • Copy the basement floor plan up 1000 units (inches) and use this as a template for the first floor floor plan (rather than starting from scratch again).
  • Do the same for the second floor.
Regarding the Architectural Objects:
  • When drafting windows:
    • Use the full window size width as the book suggests.  This will make it easier.
    • Create only one window layer not two, but draft the window lines on the "0" layer before making a block just like the other objects.
    • For an example of a window object that would be fit for a floor plan see the image below.  Do not label the window sill:

Below are some images of a remodel showing some floor plan elements that may be useful in understanding your work this week:

The image below shows a new stem wall foundation on an existing house adding a bedroom addition.

The image below shows, two days later, the new sub-floor on top of the new stem wall foundation.  It is this surface, the top of this floor, that the floor plan is designed from.  Notice that the exterior edge of the sub-floor is lined with the edge of the stem wall foundation. 

The image below shows a close-up of the previous image where the new addition meets the existing house.  Notice how the siding covers the edge of the sub-floor and extends about 2 inches below the top of the stem wall foundation.

The image below shows the inside of this space showing the interior walls (2x4 construction) and exterior walls with sheathing (2x6 construction).

The images that follow show dimensions associated with a standard 36" door installation.  The image below is a 36" exterior door (6-1/2" exterior wall thickness).

The actual door size is 35-7/8".

The actual door size is 35-7/8" (close up).

The exterior dimension size is 40" including the exterior trim (brick mold).

The actual opening of the door, inside clearance is 36".  This measurement determines the door size.

The actual opening of the door, inside clearance is 36" (close up).

The door frame on the interior of this door is 37-1/2".

The door frame on the interior of this door is 37-1/2" (close up).

The framed door opening.

The framed door opening (rough opening) height (about 81-3/4").

The framed door opening (rough opening) width.

The framed door opening (rough opening) width at 38-1/4" (close up) (usually 38").  This gives us about a 3/8" on each side of the door for adjustments, using shims, during installation.

The images that follow show dimensions associated with a standard 3' x 2' window installation. The image below shows a framed window opening and window on the interior of a garage for 3' x 2' window.

The framed window opening (rough opening) for 3' x 2' window (close up).  This is one of the measurements that determine the window size.

The framed window opening  (rough opening) for 3' x 2' window (close up).  This is one of the measurements that determine the window size.

An uninstalled 3' x 2' window.  The window measures about a 1/2" less on each side referencing the window size.   This gives us about a quarter inch on all sides of the window for adjustments, using shims, during installation.

Window and frame is about 3" thick.

The nailing flange is positioned about 1" back from the exterior edge of the window.

The nailing flange is about 1" long.

A finished window from the exterior excluding caulking and paint, notice the nailing flange is covered by the window trim.

A finished window on the interior with a window sill.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Week 5:
 
What is due: Updated Architectural Objects with Lesson 4's doors and windows.

Update your Architectural Objects and send those via email like you have done for the past 2 weeks.  Draft the doors and windows from Lesson 4  (closet door, pocket door etc.) and make blocks out of all of the objects with appropriate basepoints. 

There will be an abbreviated class session Thursday. I need to leave for a meeting at about 5pm.

Follow the book for Lesson 4 with the following exceptions: 

Architectural Objects

  • Draft swing doors with a frame as it was demonstrated in class.
  • Draft the other doors from Lesson 4 similar to the book or as demonstrated in class.
  • Draft windows as shown in the Week 3 section above in lieu of instructions on page 4-36
  • Draft objects on the "0" layer with dimensions and labels as demonstrated in class
  • Make Blocks out of all objects
  • Change the name of the dimension layer to "Dimension-Block" before inserting blocks into your floor plans.
Lesson 4, the Floor Plans
  • Create the following layers
    • "A-Doors", color green, in lieu of instructions on page 4-29
      • Insert your door blocks on this layer.
    • "A-Windows", color green, in lieu of instructions on page 4-37
      • Insert your window blocks on this layer.
    • "Dimension-Door" dimension your door placements with this layer.
    • "Dimension-Window" dimension your window placements with this layer.
  • Change the name of your dimension layer to "Dimension-A"
  • With the above dimension changes you can turn off various dimension layers while inserting doors and windows to reduce the clutter.  When printing you need to turn back on all of the dimension layers except for the "Dimension-Block" layer organize all of your dimensions.
  • Change the color of the A-Wall-B, A-Wall-1 and A-Wall-2 to white before printing.
  • Follow the changes in the section on dimensions starting on page 4-45.
    • In the bottom panel of page 4-47, "Text placement", do not choose the "Over dimension line, without leader" option, choose the default setting instead "Beside the dimension line". 
  • Do not follow the section on "Annotation Scaling" starting at number 11 through 14 starting on the bottom of page 4-48.
 
Week 6:
 
Examination 1 on Tuesday.

What is due on Tuesday: Lesson 4 Floor Plans with Task 4-2 (3 drawings), Floor Plan for your Final Project (1 drawing).  Hand in 4 drawings total. 

What is due on Friday: The Exterior Door Design Project. 

Hand in, by Tuesday before the exam, your Lesson 4 Floor Plans for the basement, first and second floors complete with doors and windows and dimensions with your updated Template file and Title Block on Architectural B paper in the box.

Also hand in, by Tuesday before the exam, a preliminary Final Project floor plan with doors and windows emulating the procedures in Lesson 4 with your updated Template file and Title Block on Architectural B paper in the box.

Also hand in, by Tuesday before the exam, Task 4-2 at the end of Lesson 4 and incorporate that into your floor plans. 

For extra credit you may incorporate Task 4-3 or any of the other Tasks in the back of the lesson.

On Thursday I will be grading your door image for a simple 10 points.  We will then be working on the door design for part of the class.  For Friday hand in your door design project on your A sized drawing template.  On one side of the sheet will be your drafted door with dimensions (15 at least) and on the other an artistic rendering using hatching and colors if desired.  Print out in color.

For Thursday find an exterior door on campus or around town that you think is an attractive design that you would like to emulate, take a digital image of it and measure the width of the door opening (door size).  Bring the image and the measurement to class.  Some door examples around campus are included in the image below.  The door examples that follow that image below are what I consider to be great designs from previous students.  A common method used for detailing is the hatch commend.


 
 

Week 7:
 
Continue Lesson 5

What is due by Friday: Send to me, via email, your updated Architectural Objects including the window and door elevations from Lesson 5.

Follow the book for Lesson 5 with the following exceptions: 

Architectural Objects

  • Window Elevation Blocks.  Draft all of the window elevations from Lesson 5 in this file in a similar manner as we have done so far.
  • Make Blocks out of all objects
  • Name your windows based on their size using the width first then the height in feet units followed by inches separated by a dash.  For example the first window is about 3 foot 2 inches in width and 4 foot 10 inches tall.  This could be named "Window 3-2 4-10".
    • Window 1 "Window 3-2 4-10"
    • Window 2 "Window 6-8 4-10"
    • Window 3 "Window 6-8 6-6"
    • Window 3 "Window 3-2 6-6"
  • Door Elevation Blocks.  Draft all of the door elevations from Lesson 5 in this file in a similar manner as we have done so far.
  • Suggested door names using the door width considering that the door heights are about 81 inches:
    • "Door 6-8"
    • "Door 3-0"
Lesson 5, Elevations, create a new AutoCAD file.  Use your template or your floor plan file, save as your elevation file before drafting.
  • Create the following layers
    • "A-Elevations", color white (in lieu of instructions on page 5-1)
    • "A-Elev-Windows", color green (page 5-21)
      • Insert your window blocks on this layer.
    • A-Elev-Doors", color green (page 5-29)
      • Insert your door blocks on this layer.
    • "Dimension-E, color red, dimension your elevations on this layer
    • "A-Elev-Railing", choose a light color but not yellow (page 5-41)
    • "A-Elev-Roof", choose a light color but not yellow (page 5-44)
    • "A-Elev-Siding", choose a light color but not yellow (page 5-47)
    • "A-Elev-Chimney", choose a light color but not yellow (page 5-46)
    • "A-Elev-Foundation", choose a light color but not yellow (page 5-52) This layer is for Tasks 5-1 and 5-4 
 
Week 8:
 
What is due by Friday: Print and deposit into the box the elevations as described in the book with the modifications as listed below incorporating Task 5-1 and Task 5-4.  Design and incorporate into your Title Block a logo for you or your company as well as the Title Block modifications listed below. 

Design a logo, see details below.

Lesson 5, Task 5-4, foundation lines display information.
The information in the book is not as correct or as clear as it could be when it comes to displaying foundation lines for the Lesson 5 elevations.  The following information are procedures and modifications to the book.

  • All stem wall or basement wall vertical foundation lines are collinear to the lines representing the exterior walls of the house so start with these and extend them down per the book.
  • The image for the west elevation is OK.
  • The image for the south elevation should be modified so that:
    • The garage foundation will have a footing, stem wall and a slab in lieu of the implied dungeon in the book.
      • The footing dimensions are the same as described on page 6-4
      • The stem wall is 24 inches tall
      • The slab is 4 inches thick
    • Show foundation lines for the chimney
    • Show a footing for the columns in lieu of what is in the book
      • 20" wide by 12" thick (similar to the book footings).
  • The image for the east and north elevations will have the same modifications as a described above.
Test question: When drafting a dashed line in this class what does it represent?

Extra credit for this week only: Look at the first floor, floor plan and notice how the front door is offset from the front of the house.  Show this on your elevations.

Design a logo for your title block.  Choose a name and style that fits your career ambitions or personality.  Consider some design ideas that you can find on the web.  Below are some images of some CAD files of logos from some companies that we have worked with in the past.   The logo examples that follow the company logos are what I consider to be good designs from previous students.
 

Title block changes will be as follows: 

  • Add a logo and vertical text for your company including a mailing address and phone number in a box on the top (right) of your title block.   The logo box is 2-1/2" by 1-1/2".  Your logo must be unique, done in CAD (no images) and it must fit in the space allocated in your title block. 
  • In the title section, where it now says something similar to "YOUR NAME, ARCHITECTURAL CAD IET161, FIRST FLOOR PLAN" change this to read something similar to the following, with your unique information, (in descending order of significance, or from the most general in nature to the more specific) "PROJECT NAME (such as EAGLE RESIDENCE) followed by what kind of construction it is (such as "NEW CONSTRUCTION", "REMODEL", "NEW HOME") followed by the sheet name (such as BASEMENT FLOOR PLAN).  Make certain that your name is in the title before the word residence.  Center and center justify this text. 
  • In the bottom box include horizontal text stating "SHEET A# OF #" where the # symbol corresponds to numbers, for example, if you have 12 sheets and the basement floor plan is sheet 3 then it would read "SHEET A3 OF 12".
Some logo examples follow below:

 

Week 9:
 
Plan on correcting your elevation assignments from week 8.  The images below may help you in understanding footings, stem walls and slabs.

What is due:  Corrected Week 8 assignments including the elevations, title block and Task 5-1 and Task 5-4.    Section from Lesson 6.

On Tuesday we will go over the elevation assignments from Week 8.

On Thursday we will start Lesson 6 on Sections.

Correct the assignments from last week for up to 90% (18 points).  To get this credit include the markup as well as the corrected assignment.

Information on the section assignment will be covered on Thursday.  Download the section arrow for your floor plan at the following link: 

section arrow symbol
The arrow comes in at a scale factor of 48 so you'll have to scale it for your Final Project floor plan scales. 

Include all of your designs such as your floor plans, elevations, sections and site plans on one drawing.  Name this drawing similar to a name like Sheet-Set.  When you compile your Final Project you should follow a similar format.

Below are some images of some of the details that we went over in class.


Below are some images of footings, stem walls and a slab for a garage (that was built last spring by the CMGT 245 class).  You may find this helpful when correcting your elevation assignments from week 8.

Below is an image of a footing and stem wall for a crawl space (May 2004).

Below is an image of a footing and stem wall for a garage project last spring, notice the how the footing sticks out both inside and outside the stem wall (4").  The footing is 16" wide, 8" tall and the stem wall is 8" wide and 24" tall.  The back hoe is leveling the grade and back filling the exterior portions of the wall.  With aggregate (seen below at the door entrance) and 5/8" crushed rock added later, the back hoe will fill in and level the interior prior to the pouring of the slab.  Chalk lines have been drawn on the interior stem wall to guide the leveling (May 3, 2010).

Below is an image showing the compacted fill up to about 6" below the top of the stem wall.  The water is to keep the fill wet which helps the concrete to cure slower and thus stronger (May 3, 2010). 

Slab pour day, notice the aluminum board on the gravel.  This is used as a thickness guide for the pour (May 6, 2010).

Slab pour day, moving from the back to the front (May 6, 2010).

Slab pour day, pouring, spreading and leveling (May 6, 2010).

Slab pour day, pouring, spreading and leveling.  Notice the 2x4 in front of the doors, another tool used for thickness (May 6, 2010).

Slab poured and now stress grooves are cut into the new slab (May 7, 2010).

The CWU Construction Management class CMGT 245 starts the garage framing (May 10, 2010).

 
 

Week 10:
 
What is due:
Final Project Elevations due on Tuesday in the box after class.
Hand in your elevations for your Final Project in a similar manner as your textbook elevations.  Look at and correct your markups from 2 weeks ago to ensure that you do not repeat the same mistakes.  You must include your floor plan(s) also with this assignment.  The elevation must be at the same scale as your floor plan.  Hand in only 2 sides, the front and one of the side views.  This assignment allows me to give you some feedback before your final. 

Design a north arrow for your Final Project site and floor plans.  Consider some design ideas that you can find on the web.  Below are some images of some CAD files of north arrows from some drawings that I have run across.  The north arrow images that follow the north arrow examples are what I consider to be great designs from previous students.  This arrow will be due on Tuesday in Week 11 as part of your examination.

Your north arrow must be unique, done in CAD (no images) and it must fit in about 1" to 1-1/2" square.  Your work must be unique, there are plenty of arrows available on the web.  If you get a zero on this portion of your examination, that will be more than 6% of your grade.


 
 

Week 11:
 
Your last exam will be on Tuesday.
On Tuesday and Thursday we will set up our remaining sheets and work on our Final Project. 
Exam on Tuesday, similar to the previous exam. 

We will cover items related to the Final Project both on Tuesday and Thursday including setting up our remaining sheets.
 
 
Information on your Final Project follows below:

  • Your project will consist of various sheets, named a Sheet Set, designed similar to what we have been doing in class.  What your are producing is a set of construction drawings that could be used, with some additional refinements, to construct your home.  These sheets include:
    • A1, Cover page, information including table of contents and an embellished elevation (hatches, colors, blocks) of the front of your house (dress this up and print in color)
    • A2, Site Plan, per the text book
      • Download this file, at the link below, for a dynamic block "Scale Bar" to be used on your site and floor plans.  Instructions are included with this drawing file:
    • A3 and A4, Floor Plans, first and second floors (foundation plan is extra credit)
      • At least 8 rooms per floor (not including closets) or 16 rooms on a single floor (stairwells and long hallways are considered rooms for this evaluation).
      • Include a garage (not considered a room)
      • Include all rooms that would be appropriate for a house of this size including a laundry room and office.
    • A5 through A8, Elevations of all four sides, no hatching for these views 
    • A9, Section of your choice (more than one section for extra credit)
    • A10, Layouts of one of your floor plans. 
      • Include at least one instance of all of the blocks from your architectural objects.  You also must include some items from the AutoCAD Tool Palette or Design Center (a kitchen without a refrigerator or dishwasher would be rather incomplete). 
      • Include counter tops for your kitchen(s), bathroom(s) and closets 
      • Extra credit for a layout of the other floor and basement.
    • A11, Details (at least 4 details with dimensions on a single sheet, extra credit for more)
  • So far, 11 sheets.
  • The sheets for your project will be handed in on the day of the final to be printed before class (penalties for printing during the final).
    • Print a full size sheet in color for the Cover Page (to be displayed in the lab)
    • Print half size sheets in grayscale for the rest of the project including the cover page to be handed in after your presentations for grading.
  • You also need to hand in your preliminary Final Project floor plans and elevations, that were previously marked up, along with your printed Sheet Set.
  • Your Final Project will be evaluated by your peers in class as well as by me.  A form will be available soon and will include criteria similar to the list below:
    • Completeness
    • Complexity and Effort 
    • Design Quality (does it look attractive, is it put together correctly?)
    • Design Function (does it function properly, doors and windows in good locations, room placements, counter tops, traffic flow, etc... ?)
    • Presentation (spoken clearly, easily understood, showed everything...)
    • Overall Impression
  • Sheet Set grading criteria is based on the projects that we have been doing all quarter.  Check your past assignments and markups for guidance. 
Below are some screen shots of the Print Previews for some of the sheets in my sample Final Project.  What is shown below is a demonstration of how sheets can be laid out.  How you layout your sheets is to your discretion as long as the information that I am looking for is there and it is displayed using criteria that we have been using all quarter.

Sample Cover Sheet, notice the Excel generated sheet list, scale bar and updated Title Block with this sheet's unique information.  Scale on this viewport is 1/4" = 1'-0" (48) (half the scale of your textbook house because it is now on a full sized sheet) the scale bar reflects this scale.  Some sheet notes pertaining to the whole project may be relevant on this sheet. 

Notice the scale bar and north arrow and updated Title Block.  The scale on this viewport is now 1/8" = 1'-0" and the scale bar reflects this.  Insert the scale bar and north arrow in paper space so you do not have to scale these up or down.  The scale bar should always be inserted at 1:1 in paper space.

Notice the scale bar and north arrow and updated Title Block.  The north arrow is inserted on every plan sheet and the scale bar on any sheet with dimensions in a viewport of a specific scale (the scale bar will reflect this scale).  Also notice the section symbol and its direction of cut.  A close up of the symbol can be found in the following image.

Close up of the section symbol.  The text in the symbol refers to section 1 on sheet A9.  A detail symbol with text is similar with out the line and hidden line extension.

A sample sheet for an elevation.  There will be no hatches in this view but include all relevant dimensions once on at least one of the elevation sheets.  The scale bar is on this sheet also. 

This is a sample section sheet, it is more common to have multiple sections on a single sheet. 

This is a sample layout sheet.  The placement of your furniture is at your discretion. 

This is a sample details sheet, it is common to have multiple details on a single sheets since they can be scaled down quite a bit.  Notice that the scale section in the Title Block says "As Noted".  This means that each view will have its own scale notation.  A view title with the relevant information is included with each view and a close up is shown in the following image.  A scale bar should be included with this sheet. 

Close up of the house fascia detail.  Notice the View Title with a detail number, description and scale.

 

 
DESIGN GALLERY

The following images display designs from our class that I believe show 
extraordinary effort and qualities.